About Cork Taxi Tours
Welcome to Cork's only specialized Taxi tour Company offering you a fantastic way of seeing the best in and around Cork. Owned and operated by Bob McAuliffe at About Cork Taxi Tours We believe that every one wants to see and do things differently all our tours are customised to what you would like to see and how long you want to spend at each location. Over the past 3 years we have have worked hard to come up with tours that people enjoy find interesting and offer good value. The flexability of our tours means that you are always in charge. Now if you like one of our set tour itinearies thats great, but if you have somewhere you would like to see just let us know and we will do the rest.Cork
Cork is a historically and culturally rich city in the south of Ireland. It is the third largest city on the island of Ireland. The city centre is built between the two channels of the river Lee thus making it an island itself. Knowing where you are in relation to either the north or south channel is traditionally the best way to orientate yourself when traveling around the city. The other best method is to note the location of Shandon steeple on the northside, and the spires of St. Finbarre's Cathedral on the southside. If you're between any of these features then chances are you're in Cork! Cork's history is a mercantile one with a strong association with the sea. A port city its once busy docks saw trade between Great Britain, Europe and the wider world. Much of the sea freight now operates from the deep water terminal at Ringaskiddy downstream from Cork city. Cork has had in the past a fine brewing and distilling tradition with Murphys and Beamish Stout both being produced here. Cork has many fine churches and civic buildings reflecting a history of settlement since the 6th century. It was granted its charter as a city by King John in 1185 and once was fully walled. University College Cork's (UCC) campus is located just 10mins walk from the centre of the city. It is just one of many important educational institutions to be found in or near the city. Others include the Cork School of Music, the Crawford College of Art and Design, and the Cork Institute of Technology. Cork is well serviced with galleries and theatres too. Chief amongst the galleries are the historically significant Crawford Municipal Art Gallery and the Glucksman Gallery at UCC. Smaller art galleries abound, dotted here and there around the city. The Cork Opera House has long being at the epicentre of Cork city's entertainment scene. However, there are many other fine theatres and performance hotspots like the Everyman Palace Theatre, the Triskel Arts Centre, and the Firkin Crane catering for all tastes from music, comedy and drama to art and dance. Cork was the European Capital of Culture for 2005, and in 2009 was included in the Lonely Planet's top 10 "Best in Travel 2010". It has a strong cultural calendar each year with the Guinness Cork Jazz Festival and the Cork Midsummer Festival amongst its many highlights.
Saint Fin Barre
Traditionally, Saint Finbarre or Bairre, has been credited with the foundation of the monastery of Cork. Little is known with certainty about Bairre, as the extant 'lives' were composed long after his death, reputedly in the seventh century, and these contain mythical and folkloric elements. Pádraig Ó Riain, an eminent historian of early Irish history, has argued persuasively that Saint Finbarre was not a historical personage, and that the name Finbarre is another name for Saint Finian of Moville whose cult spread south into Cork. Other historians, while acknowledging that the lives give us little factual information about Finbarre, believe that he may have been a historical figure. The lives appear to have been composed in the context of a power struggle between dioceses in the twelfth century. Whatever conclusions are reached about the historicity or otherwise of Saint Finbarre, his name has been given to many places and institutions within the city, most notably to the splendid St Fin Barre's Cathedral, which is built on part of the site of the early monastic foundation of Cork.
The Celtic Monastery
The monastery of Cork which was built on elevated ground on the south bank of the River Lee is the earliest human settlement in Cork for which we have incontrovertible evidence. The date of the foundation is unknown but historians think that it was founded in either the sixth or seventh century. The earliest mention of the monastery in the annals is for 682, when the death of Suibne, abbot of the monastery, was recorded. The location of the monastic settlement was on the area around the present-day site of Saint Fin Barre's Cathedral. Evidence from maps and other sources suggest that the approximate boundaries of the monastery would have been along Bishop Street, Gillabbey Street, and the area between Barrack Street and Dean Street.
The monastery was one of the best known Irish monasteries and there are numerous references to it in the annals. Many of these references are to attacks on the monastery by the Vikings
We enjoy showcasing the best of Corks attractions
Blarney Castle The Jameson Distillery
Blackrock castle The old city goal
The Cork butter museum
Kinsale The Queenstown story
A few of corks attractions
But its that something special like visiting Danny Linehans Sweet shop in the shadow of the famous cork landmark Shandon tower known locally as the 4 faced liar that makes your day special.
The English Market on Corks Grand Parade is a beautiful example of a covered market offering a range of fresh local produce to the many fine restaurants in and around the city centre
Cork is a city of beautiful architecture and wonderful history sited between the twin channels of the rive lee.This charming city welcomes you and intrigues your senses inviting you to become part of its rich tapestry strolling down Patrick street, exploring the English Market ,finding the wonders of the Crawford Gallery and visiting the last true confectioner in cork Danny Linehan at his sweet shop in the shadows of St.Annes Clock tower Shandon.
History of Cork City-pre 1400
The Vikings and the monastic community eventually arrived at a form of peaceful coexistence. Indeed the seafaring and trading abilities of the Vikings proved to be a boon to the monastery, which they provided with wine, salt and other commodities. In A.D. 914, there was a massive raid on Cork and Munster from Scandanavia and some historians think that members of this raiding party expropriated the Viking community that already existed there.
By the twelfth century, the descendants of the original settlers had intermarried with the native Irish and become known as the Ostmen or Eastmen. They established Cork as an important trading centre and its importance was enhanced with the coming to power in the twelfth century of the MacCarthy's of Desmond who established Cork as their capital. The MacCarthy's built a residence and fortress near Cork. In Latin this fortress was called vetus castellarum. This is an exact translation of the Irish sean dún, or old fort, and may be identified with the present-day Shandon area of Cork. The Ostmen of Cork acknowledged the overlordship of the MacCarthy Kings of Desmond but would appear to have retained some form of autonomy.
The Ostmen built a fortification on the south island in the Lee and this may have served as a template for the wall of Cork, which was built during the Norman era.
Gina Johnson, an archaeologist and an expert on the development of Cork, has described Hiberno-Norse Cork in the following terms "......it is likely that the town consisted of formalised rows of wattle-walled houses fronting one or more streets. The Vikings probably defined the limits of their settlement possibly with a wattle wall or earthen enclosure surrounding the south island". At this time, the north island of the Lee, known as Dungarvan and identified with the area around the present day North Main Street, was regarded as being outside the city itself.
Ostman Cork was not fated to have a long history. The last known leader of Ostman Cork, Gilbert Mac Turgar, was killed in a sea battle near Youghal in 1173. In 1177, the Ostmen of Cork suffered a fate common to many conquered peoples before and since. Their property was confiscated and they were expelled from the city of Cork, when the city was taken by an invading army of warriors, the Normans.
1169 is one of the most famous dates in the history of Ireland. In that year Normans from Wales landed at Bannow Bay in Wexford and began the Norman conquest of Ireland. With their superior military technology and organisation, the Normans made inroads against the Irish and Hiberno-Norse. In 1171, many of the provincial kings took an oath of fealty to Henry II of England, including Dermot MacCarthy, King of Munster and overlord of Ostman Cork. At the Council of Oxford in 1177, Henry II granted the kingdom of Cork to Robert FitzStephen and Milo de Cogan, but he reserved the city of Cork for himself. An army led by FitzStephen and de Cogan arrived at Cork city in 1177 and took the city, thus beginning the Norman era of the history of Cork. Prince John, Lord of Ireland , visited Ireland in 1185 and some time around that date granted a charter to Cork city which made Cork a corporate town with powers of local government. This status has been retained by Cork since that time to the present day.
The Normans constructed a wall on the south island of the Lee in 1182, possibly based on the former Ostman defensive structure. Over time, this wall was extended and the entire medieval city centre became one of the greatest walled towns of Ireland.